Philodendron Schott sec CATE Araceae, 2009

Schott 1829. Wiener Z. Kunst. 3: 780


Distinguishing Features

Evergreen, small to gigantic, mostly climbing hemiepiphytes or epiphytes, sometimes arborescent to rhizomatous terrestrials; leaves with abundant resin canals; leaf blade very variable in shape, from linear to bipinnatifid, trisect or pedatisect, lacking a submarginal collective vein, fine venation parallel-pinnate; inflorescence secreting resin from spathe or spadix at anthesis; endothecium nearly always lacking cell wall thickenings; flowers unisexual, perigone absent; ovary usually 4-8-locular (extreme range 2 to 47-locular); ovules usually hemiorthotropous; placenta axile to basal. Differs from Anthurium in unisexual flowers without perigone, and parallel-pinnate fine venation.


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